Case Ingersoll Tractor Models
There are several different series of tractors that Case Ingersoll offered over the years. Below is a quick summary of some of the different ones offered and some details about each series, these were and are some of the most popular series. CLICK ON PHOTOS OF EACH SERIES TO GO TO SPECIFIC MODELS WITHIN THAT SERIES.
100's Series Older Models
These were the first series that Case released after buying Colt. They had many of the same designs and features as the Colts but also had some Case-based designs as well as styling. They were hydraulic drive and the hydraulic lift was an "option", they were powered by single-cylinder Kohler engines. Some of these models were the 130, 155, 180, 190, 195
100's Series Home Owners
The later 100 series like the 108, 110,112,114, and 116 were built to compete with the cheaper priced and built competition of Case and Ingersoll. These tractors were more lawn and yard tractors than garden tractors. They were built right and of good quality, as good or better than most in the class of lawnmowers and yard tractors. But they were far smaller and much lighter duty than their big brothers of the Case Ingersoll 200, 3000, 400, and 4000 series true heavy-duty garden tractors. The 100 had no hydraulics, were belt driven, and used consumer-duty engines. Not commercial or industrial engines like their hydraulic Big Brothers. They were also much cheaper price than their big brothers and allowed a different customer base to be able to purchase a quality Case Ingersoll product to do basic lawn mowing and snow removal. Here at Case Ingersoll Tractors Northeast we do very little with this product line and concentrate on the bigger heavy-duty models.
200 Model Series
The 200 series are the Low Profile Case Ingersoll models. They have more common-size rear tires, 12-inch wheels, and 23-inch tires 8.50 or 10.50 wide flotation tires on them compared to the Big Wheel 400/4000 series tractors. The 200 series are all very similar to the Big Wheel (BW) series besides model 210, the 210 is gear-driven not hydraulic. The 200 series rear end is basically the same as the 400/400 series but has a slightly different drive motor ratio and a 5-lug hub whereas the BW tractors have a 6-lug hub. The front axles are a little bit smaller than the BW series but they utilize the same front wheels and tires as the BW series. They also share the same frame as the bigger models but, when the BW series frames got stretched 2 inches the small wheel low profile models remained the same length. Though most attachments are interchangeable between series BW and Small Wheel models besides the 60-inch deck, there were some attachments recommended to be better suited for BW VS SW models for optimal performance but it is noted that the higher horsepower small wheel model will perform satisfactorily with the bigger sized attachments. The 200 series were all powered by the ever-popular Kohler "K" Series engine beside the powerful 226 that boasted the high torque industrial 16 horsepower twin cylinder Onan. Simply the last digit in the tractor model represented the last digit in the horsepower for most models so a 222 was 12 horsepower and a 226 was 16 horsepower etc. For more individual model info and specifics scroll down below
400 Model Series
The iconic Case-Ingersoll 400 Big Wheel (BW) Series. These may be the most recognized models of any garden tractors by those that know and as well as those not overly familiar with particular garden tractors. With the large 32-inch tall rear tires sitting on standard 16-inch truck/farm implement/tractor 6 lug rims/wheels. The tractor design of the 400 series utilized the same principles and same designs as the bigger Case and many farm tractors, with the much bigger rear tires to help provide exceptional traction and power transfer to the ground. They also have the added benefit of flotation and the ability to go over large obstacles and very rough terrain where many other tractors would have no chance. The large tires also let the BW series have great ground clearance to excel in the garden or woods doing heavy work. The large rear tires also allowed you to add roughly 80 to 100 lbs PER tire of liquid weight into the tire tubes as they hold around 10 gallons each. They offered a smoother ride as well. And being 16-inch rims there are countless tire options from AG tractor tread tires, turf tires, and very common pickup truck tires and tread options. Now the tire size was distinctive and a huge advantage, but there were many other benefits to the 400 series. One very popular option offered now was that of a power-up and power-down heavy-duty 3-point hitch with large lift capabilities. # point hitches can be added to any Case Ingersoll Garden Tractor model and are interchangeable and under an hour to install. After 1980 they all were "long frame" models by adding 2 inches to the frame between the seat and dash tower, they were now able to accept a very large and heavy duty 60 inches 5-foot wide mower deck as an option along with the 44 and 48-inch decks always offered. The 400 series also sported a bigger and heavier-duty front axle with large 1-inch spindles. The front axle was cast steel as was the massive 2-speed all-gear steel rear end. These tractors made very good candidates for adding front loaders for those that do not have the budget for purpose-built loaders like the 600/6000/7000 series loader machines. Though many things are in common with the 200 series, these are a few that set them apart. But many parts and build quality are the same between the 200 and 400 series. The 400 series came out in the late 60s early 70s with the 442 and 444PK models being 12 and 14-horsepower single-cylinder Kohler "K" engines... There were some immediate changes in the first few years with the addition of the 16-horsepower twin-cylinder Onan engine in the model 446. The 442 was dropped and the 444 and 446 were the two BW models until 1980 when the big dog flagship 448 was introduced in the year 1980 with a bigger Onan 18 horsepower. Like the 200 series, the 1976 models were the last Desert Sunset Tan and orange two-colored machines. In 77' they went to the all "orange" models that were painted "Case Power Red." In 1984 for 1 year when Ingersoll bought Case, they released the black frame models that had the Power Red hood and fenders. Then they went back to all Power red paint. The basic design of the BW models 444, 446, and 448 continued with very few major changes during their 20-year model run. The 4000 series replaced the 400 series as the Big Wheel models with some changes but carrying over many of the great things the original big wheel 400 series machines were loved and known for. As with all the Case Ingersoll models they offered a much, much bigger and more capable hydraulic pump than any competitors in the same class as well as multiple classes above them, and most compacts and subcompacts don't even have hydraulic pumps with the size, specs, and capabilities of Case Ingersoll machines. Most Case Ingersoll machines had hydraulic pumps that were 8.5 to nearly 12 GPM gallons per minute and with PSI pressures of 2000 to nearly 3000 pounds per square inch! Ask your new tractor salesman for the specs and you may realize spending that 10,20, or $30,000 dollars may not be the best choice!
3000 Model Series
The 3000 Series replaced the 200 series and the 4000 replaced the 400 series. Many of the changes that were made to the 3000 also happened to the 4000. Wider 10.50-inch rear tires became an option on many 3000 models and seem standard on a few like power steering models and most Onan Powered 3000 models. Also, the Kohler "K" engine was replaced by the Kohler "Magnum" for 10, 12, and 14-horsepower models as they were the lowest horsepower engines now offered in the 3010 (short appearance) 3012 and 3014. The major change made in the new 4-digit machines was the engine placement. Now the engine was spun 180 degrees and the flywheel now faced the back of the tractor where it was facing forward in the 3-digit 200/400 models. The reason this was done was that many customers complained about the hot air from the engine being blown back on the operator, especially in the summer. Though many dealt with this as they enjoyed the warm air in the winter doing snow removal chores. And with cab-equipped tractors, the hot air made the cab very cozy. The spinning of the engine placement also changed the direction that the front PTO belt pulley would spin therefore the mower decks became right-hand discharge were three digits were left discharge. Continue on to the 4000 models to see more changes gained with the four digits models.
Power Steering Models
The Power steering models shared all the same features as their counterpart 3000 and 4000 series tractors. But they had a strong power steering system, and a larger hydraulic pump, and were all Onan powered until the last 4000 series made with the Big Block 21 and 23 horsepower Briggs and Stratton Vanguard engines.
4000 Model Series
Many of the changes mentioned in the 3000 series description were made to the 4000 too. The early 4-digit models sported "Hydrive" on the hood decals. The Hydrive models of the 3000 and 4000 carried a few things over from the 200/400 series. One was the placement and operation of rear-end Hi/Low range selector, early Hydrives did not have the hydraulic filter as well and the rear hydraulic PTO was still a fender-mounted option. They also still had the shorter steering shaft and lower steering wheel placement. These were just a few things carried over from the 3 digits into the new Hydrive models, but all these were eventually changed and updated and the "Hydrive" badge was dropped. The following changes and improvements were for both 3000 and 4000 models. A few years after the release of the 3000/4000 series all the Kohler engines were replaced by the Briggs and Stratton 2-cylinder V-twin Commercial engines. Eventually, the Vanguard would be used in all models that were 12.5 to 18 horsepower and that were NOT Power Steering or ALL HYDRAULIC "AH" models. The power steering and all hydraulic models remained powered by the big torquey Industrial Onan engines to power the larger hydraulic pump used in these models. In the last few years of the 4000 series being produced, the 21 and 23-horsepower models were powered by the bigger Vanguard version. As US emission laws ultimately ended the production of these great powerful Onan valves in head engines. There were some new safety features including seat switches added. The late 3-digit models had plastic dashboards and indicator lights the last couple of years and that carried over to the 3000/4000 models. The front PTO for belts was now electrically engaged over the old manual lever style. Also, the Hydraulic rear PTO for powering leaf vacs/baggers/roto tillers/chippers/brush mowers etc now had the option to be concealed under the seat and came with factory quick connects for the hydraulics. Full fenders and a full operator's foot platform were now the design, as was a removable front grill. The heavier-duty HH34 3-point hitch was added as an option for all 3000,4000, 6000, and 7000 series machines. A spin on the hydraulic filter was added after the first couple of years of the four-digit machines. The rear tail lights came in time as well. Power steering was soon to be an option on many models and this included a bigger hydraulic pump as well. As was an optional lower geared high range rear end that was used standard only on the loader models. These machines were and still are considered some of the most capable best built machines in their class and a class or two bigger! There were only a true handful of competitor models that could come close to the quality and performance of these machines.
3021/4021-4023/4200 GT Models
These "GT" series black frame models were the last models produced by Ingersoll and were made in Maine USA. They shared very many things with the 4000/4100 series. But some major differences were foot controls for direction and speed on the 4200 models and bigger Briggs and Stratton Vanguard engines used in 21 and 23-horsepower models.
3100/4100 Model Series
All hydraulic models (AH) 3100/4100 series machines were very similar to their counterpart 3000 and 4000 models but with really 1 major difference. They had a very large hydraulic pump. All the attachments were hydro-powered, with no belts. Mower decks, snow blowers, etc were hydro-powered, and the normally hydraulic-powered attachments offered for other models were out-fitted with different motors, gearing, and pulleys to be offered and take advantage of the bigger 2 dual piggyback style hydraulic pump used on the AH models. All AH models came standard with power steering and Onan engines. The 3118D and 4118D were powered by 3-cylinder Perkins Diesel engines and were the only Diesel engine Case Ingersoll models, there were not very many produced. All AH models had No belt PTO on these machines and a bigger hydraulic oil cooler was mounted up front. There was a short run of 4116 that were 16 horsepower but with the bigger hydro pump, the 18-horse 3118/4118 and 20-horse 4120 models were a better fit. These machines were only produced for a few years. They are very strong and capable machines, and the notable increase in hydropower is a factor their owners brag about and enjoy. With many, there is a love-hate relationship with them. The downside is being only made for a few years SOME parts are harder to get but the biggest complaint is finding attachments for these specific models with the correct hydraulic drive motors or pulley/gearing setup. With that, used attachment parts and repair parts are not easy to find. We tell customers all this upfront, many are ok with the challenge, we also tell them since more hydraulics there will be likely more repairs/leaks to deal with. With that said if you are ok with that then by all means they are great machines. The other need these fill wonderfully are those looking to push and pull with a tractor, perfect for dirt, garden, driveway, grading, pushing, etc. They also are great for snow plowing as well as firewood log skidding and other similar jobs!
6000 Model Series
6000 series loaders and backhoes replaced the 648 loaders and backhoes. They shared many similarities with the 648 models. Some changes made along the 6000 series were a big tandem hydraulic pump, a larger front bucket, and a higher lift rating of 750 lbs at full height. 6.4-gallon fuel tank, 5-gallon hydro fluid capacity, 48-inch bucket, and 29x12.5-15 rear tires were some. Three engines were used in the 6018 (18 horsepower) -6020 (20 horsepower). The Big industrial twin Onan, Twin cylinder Kohler "Command" and Optional Honda. A quick attach front attachment system can be found on some machines as well to switch quickly between the bucket, forks, and other attachments. Like the 600 series, these machines were no light weights with loaders weighing around 1500 lbs or more and backhoes around 3000 lbs or more! With the specs of Case Ingersoll loaders they and we have to ask "John Deere, Kubota, Massey who?"
600's Model Series
The true mini-construction machines! These were not garden tractors or what's called today subcompact/compact tractors. These were very heavy-duty, very capable true commercial construction duty purpose-built earth moving machines. The loader frame is built right into the large farm of the machine. The same company that built the famous full-size Case construction equipment like the industry-respected Case 580 backhoes designed and built these machines. These machines had a foot pedal for travel speed like a "gas" pedal. As per the Case Ingersoll norm, they sported very large and capable hydraulic pumps. Though similar in looks to the garden tractor line there were only some of the same parts used between them. One is the very strong rear end that speaks of its durability and capabilities as the stand rear used in both the garden and loader series! The main hydraulic valve is similar as are some of the hydraulic pumps used between the garden tractors and loaders. The frame and front axle are bigger on the loaders and they have a little bigger footprint. The other thing they share were power plants. The 644 housed the 14-horsepower Kohler K series Single cylinder engine. The 646 boasted a 16 horsepower twin-cylinder Onan most were a cast Iron bore CCK model. The 644 and 648 were replaced by the sought-after 648 18-horsepower Onan under the hood. The 648 also had power steering that is a life changer on a loader/backhoe machine. There were also some other changes with the 648 like the wider floatation front tires, and lower geared high gear was a couple. The loader models had a 44-inch nearly 4 cubic foot front bucket or very handy optional pallet forks. Backhoe-equipped 646 and 648 models were available with a full-size construction D100 model backhoe and outriggers. The same backhoe model is used on many skid steers, small full-size backhoe models, industrial tractors, etc. With the backhoe package wider rims and tires were used as well as longer axles to ad stabilization and floatation. A full underbelly subframe and counterweight system were also added to the backhoe machines and the rear end case had webbed gussets added to it for strength. The loaders and backhoe were amazing in their capability—so impressive specs for some of the 600 series. Lifting is rated at 650lbs at full height, though they have been known to lift much more with proper counterweight (but not advised to vary from OEM recommendations) breaking out a force of almost 1500 lbs! The maximum total height is just under 8 feet. The backhoe had almost an 8-foot digging depth and over a 9-foot swing. Backhoe buckets are available from 12 to 36 inches! With these being "mini" construction machines they also could be towed by a common pick up making for easy access to jobs, low investment in trucks and trailers, and also great for those starting small companies. With much less initial investment in equipment, they could do similar small jobs as small, loaders/backhoes/skid steers/mini excavators, and charge nearly the same and have a profit advantage over those bigger more expensive machines to buy, make payments, buy fuel and maintenance repair work they come with. Now you can see why municipalities, cemeteries, septic, construction, landscape, snow removal, pool, farm, golf courses, rental, nursery warehouses, entrepreneurs, and many other businesses used these machines heavily.
7000 Model Series
The dreamed-about 7020 was a four-wheel drive version of the 6018/6020. The 7020 had a hydraulic-powered front drive axle to take your loader or backhoe to places where many can not go. Soft ground, muddy ground, sand, snow, steeper hills, etc. The capabilities and badass look of the 7020 make it a favorite of anyone who sees and or used them!